Adding Titles

When it comes to titles, credits, and other text, your iMovie movies can certainly hold their own. You can add many title effects to your movies in almost limitless ways. You will be amazed at how much improvement you can make to your movies with the right title effects.

Although adding onscreen text is called titling, this term refers to much more than just the movie's name. Basically, titling is iMovie's term for overlaying all sorts of text on the screen. The titles you might want to use in your movies include the following:

  • Captions? As with figure captions, you can use clip captions to add information to the image onscreen. You might want to add some explanation of what is happening on the screen or the date on which the clip was captured; you can even add subtitles if you want. Captions is the term for basically any informative text relating to a scene that you want the viewer to see. Captions can appear anywhere in your movie.

  • Credits? I'm sure you are familiar with credits because most modern movies have several minutes of credits at the end. Credits are just what the term implies: the opportunity to take, or give, credit for something in the movie. For example, you can list all the people who appear in the movie. Or, if someone helps you with the movie, you might want to give him some fame by mentioning his name. Even though you can use credits anywhere in the movie, most credits appear at the end.

  • Titles? Titles are text that can introduce a movie, a scene, or anything else you think warrants an introduction. Titles normally appear at the beginning of something, whether it be a movie or scene.

iMovie provides various titling tools you can use to add almost any type of text to your movie. Titles are added using tools similar to the Transitions tools. You add and manipulate titles using the Titles pane. Click the Titles button to open the Titles pane (see Figure 17.10).

Figure 17.10. The Titles pane provides all the tools you need to add great text effects to your movies.


The following tools are included on the Titles pane:

  • Preview window? This works just as it does on the Transitions pane. When you click a title style, you see a preview of it in the preview window. You also see a preview whenever you make changes to the title.

  • Preview button? When you click this, you see a preview of your title in the Monitor.

  • Update button? If you make changes to a title you have already placed in your movie, click this button to update the title to include the changes you have made.

  • Direction arrows? Some styles involve motion for which you can set the direction. You select a direction by clicking one of the active direction arrows.

  • Sliders? Just like transitions, all titles have a set amount of time that it takes for the title effect to occur. You use the duration sliders to set this time. The Speed slider controls the overall length of the text effect. The Pause slider determines how long a text effect pauses on the screen (if applicable), and the Wave slider controls the amount of the wave (if applicable).

  • Title style? You click a title style to use it. The tools that are active on the palette change, depending on the style you select.

  • QT Margins check box? A QuickTime movie has proportions different from a standard TV screen. For title styles that appear on the bottom edge of the screen, this can be a problem because those titles can get cut off when the movie is viewed on a TV. Unchecking the QT Margins check box moves the title up on the screen so it won't be cut off when you show the movie on a TV. Checking it moves the title back down again so it appears in a better location on the screen when viewing the movie in the QuickTime Player. You should leave this unchecked unless the style you use leaves text at the bottom of the screen. The only styles for which you need to use this are Music Video and Stripe Subtitle.

  • Over Black check box? By default, when you place a title, it's applied over the selected clip on which you drop the title. When you place the title on a clip, the clip might be split in such a way that there are two clips. One contains the title effect, and the other contains the remainder of the clip. If you want the title to appear in the first part of the clip, drop the title on the left side of the clip. If you want the title to appear on the end of the clip, drop it on the right side of the clip. The adjacent clips slide apart to indicate where the title clip is placed.

    If you prefer the title to appear over a black background, you can check the Over Black check box. Instead of being applied to a clip in your movie, the title appears in a new black clip that is added to your movie wherever you drop the title.

  • Color button? Click this to change the color of the text in the title (it also affects the stripe color in Stripe Subtitle).

  • Font Family menu? You can select a font family for a title using this pop-up menu.

  • Font Size slider? This slider enables you to make the selected font larger (drag it to the right) or smaller (drag it to the left).

  • Text blocks? You type the text for your title in the text blocks that appear on the palette. You see two or more styles of text block, depending on what style you use. Most styles use single lines of text, but others use a larger text block into which you can place a fair amount of text.

  • Add/Remove buttons? Some styles allow you to add text blocks to the title. When the Add button (the +) is active, click it to add text blocks to your title. Click Remove (the ?) to remove text blocks.

You see different tools and options on the palette, depending on the title style you use. Some styles (for example, Centered Multiple) enable you to add more lines or blocks of text. With these styles, the Add button is active. Other styles (for example, Scrolling Block) involve motion for which you can set the direction; the direction arrows are active for these types.

Following are the general steps you use to add titles to your movies:

  1. Decide which type of text you want to add (caption, credit, date, or title) and to which clip you want to apply the text (or whether you want to apply it to a black background).

  2. Based on the type of text you add and where you apply it, decide on a title style to use.

  3. Open the Titles pane and click a title style to select it.

  4. Type your text in the text boxes for that style. Use the Add button (if available) if you want to add more text blocks to the title.

  5. Select a font, color, and size for the title.

  6. Set the direction of the motion (if applicable).

  7. Set the speed, pause (if applicable), and wave (if applicable) of the title.

  8. Preview the title in the Preview window, and click the Preview button to preview it in the Monitor.

  9. Make adjustments to the title until it is right.

  10. Place the title in your movie by dragging it to the Clip Viewer.

  11. View the section of your movie that contains the title to ensure it works the way you want it to.

  12. If it doesn't, select the title and make changes to it using the Titles pane; then click Update to update the title.

Even though you do most of these steps, you might choose to do them in a different order than I suggest. Just experiment to find the order that suits you best.

Just as the transitions effects have to be rendered before they can be added to your movie, titles must be rendered before they appear onscreen. Rendering can take a while, so use the Preview function to get your titles in great shape before you actually add them to your movie. Just as with transition effects, you see a red progress bar in the title clips as they are rendered. If you update a title, its clip must be rerendered.


Sometimes, existing transitions block you from adding a title clip. If this happens, delete the transition, add the title clip, and after the title has been rendered add the transition back in. If you are going to use many titles in your movie, adding the titles before you add transitions might be easier.

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