With a federated system you can send distributed requests to multiple data sources within a single SQL statement. The power of a DB2 federated system is in its ability to:
Join data from local tables and remote data sources, as if all the data are local.
Take advantage of the data source processing strengths by sending distributed requests to the data sources for processing.
Compensate for SQL limitations at the data source by processing parts of a distributed request at the federated server.