Conventions Used in This Book

The following are the typographical and iconographical conventions used in this book:


Used for emphasis and to indicate new terms, URLs, filenames, file extensions, directories, program names, and pathnames. For example, a path in the filesystem appears as c:\Windows\System32.

Constant width

Used to show code examples, anything that might be typed from the keyboard, the contents of files, and the output from commands.

Constant width italic

Used in examples to show text that should be replaced with your own user-supplied values.

Menus and navigation

Arrows ( ) are used as a shorthand notation to indicate navigation through drop-down menus, which is particularly useful given how frequently settings and features are buried deep in Windows's various menus and dialog windows. If you see an instruction like "select View Explorer Bar Folders," it means that you should open the View menu in the current window, select the Explorer Bar menu item, and then select the Folders menu item. Note that when you need to click other interface elements, such as tabs, checkboxes, and buttons, this will be clearly indicated in the text.

Notes and warnings

Pay special attention to notes set apart from the text with the following manner.

Warning: This is a warning note. When you see one of these, your PC's security or stabilitynot to mention your own sanitymay be in jeopardy.

Note: This is a tip, typically containing useful supplementary information, a handy suggestion or shortcut, or a general note relating to the topic at hand. Extra credit if you can spot the pun.