The first and simplest scenario uses a straightforward, standalone, mod_perl-enabled Apache server, as shown in Figure 12-1. Just take your plain Apache server and add mod_perl, like you would add any other Apache module. Continue to run it at the port it was using before. You probably want to try this before you proceed to more sophisticated and complex techniques. This is the standard installation procedure we described in Chapter 3.
A standalone server gives you the following advantages:
You just follow the installation instructions, configure it, restart the server, and you are done.
You do not have to worry about using additional ports, as we will see later.
You get a very fast server for dynamic content, and you see an enormous speedup compared to mod_cgi, from the first moment you start to use it.
The disadvantages of a standalone server are as follows:
The process size of a mod_perl-enabled Apache server might be huge (maybe 4 MB at startup and growing to 10 MB or more, depending on how you use it) compared to a typical plain Apache server (about 500 KB). Of course, if memory sharing is in place, RAM requirements will be smaller.
You probably have a few dozen child processes. The additional memory requirements add up in direct relation to the number of child processes. Your memory demands will grow by an order of magnitude, but this is the price you pay for the additional performance boost of mod_perl. With memory being relatively inexpensive nowadays, the additional cost is low?especially when you consider the dramatic performance boost mod_perl gives to your services with every 100 MB of RAM you add.
While you will be happy to have these monster processes serving your scripts with monster speed, you should be very worried about having them serve static objects such as images and HTML files. Each static request served by a mod_perl-enabled server means another large process running, competing for system resources such as memory and CPU cycles. The real overhead depends on the static object request rate. Remember that if your mod_perl code produces HTML code that includes images, each of these will produce another static object request. Having another plain web server to serve the static objects solves this unpleasant problem. Having a proxy server as a frontend, caching the static objects and freeing the mod_perl processes from this burden, is another solution. We will discuss both later.
Another drawback of this approach is that when serving output to a client with a slow connection, the huge mod_perl-enabled server process (with all of its system resources) will be tied up until the response is completely written to the client. While it might take a few milliseconds for your script to complete the request, there is a chance it will still be busy for a number of seconds or even minutes if the request is from a client with a slow connection. As with the previous drawback, a proxy solution can solve this problem. We'll discuss proxies more later.
Proxying dynamic content is not going to help much if all the clients are on a fast local net (for example, if you are administering an Intranet). On the contrary, it can decrease performance. Still, remember that some of your Intranet users might work from home through slow modem links.
If you are new to mod_perl, this is probably the best way to get yourself started.
And of course, if your site is serving only mod_perl scripts (and close to zero static objects), this might be the perfect choice for you!
Before trying the more advanced setup techniques we are going to talk about now, it's probably a good idea to review the simpler straightforward installation and configuration techniques covered in Chapter 3 and Chapter 4. These will get you started with the standard deployment discussed here.