3GPP TS 33.102, Technical Specification Group Services and System Aspects, 3G Security, Security Architecture (Release 4), 3rd Generation Partnership Project, 2001.

Ben-Natan, R., and Sasson, O., IBM Websphere Starter Kit, McGraw Hill, 2000.

Bray, T., Paoli, J., and Sperberg-McQueen, C.M., Eds., "Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0," 2nd edition, October 2000, W3C Recommendation

Brookson, C., "GSM (and PCN) Security and Encryption," GSM Security, 1994.

Burrough, P., and McDonnell, R., Principles of Geographical Information Systems, 2nd edition, Oxford University Press, 1998.

Chatterjee, A., Kaas, H., Kumaresh, T. V., and Wojcik, P., "A Roadmap for Telematics," McKinsey Quarterly, 2002, Number 2.

Cockcroft, A., and Pettit, R., Sun Performance and Tuning: Java and the Internet, 2nd edition, Prentice Hall, 1999.

de La Beujardiére, J., Ed., "Web Map Service Implementation Specification," Open GIS Consortium Inc., June 2001.

Demers, M., Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems, Wiley, 2000.

Djuknic, G. M., and Richton, R.E., "Geolocation and Assisted GPS," Computer, February 2001, pp. 123?125.

Dorling, D., and Fairbairn, D., Mapping: Ways of Representing the World, Addison-Wesley, 1997.

Dornan, A., The Essential Guide to Wireless Communications Applications, Prentice Hall, 2001.

Drane, C., Macnaughton, M., and Scott, C., "Positioning GSM Telephones," IEEE Comm Magazine, April 1998, pp. 46?59.

Ferraiolo, J., Ed., "Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) 1.0 Specification," W3C Recommendation, September 2001.

Fry, D., "Localization Industry Primer," Location Industry Standards Association, May 2001.

Goldfarb, C., and Prescod, P., Charles F. Goldfarb's XML Handbook, 4th edition, Prentice Hall, 2001.

Green, J., Betti, D., and Davison, J., "Mobile Location Services: Market Strategies," White Paper, Ovum, December 2000.

GSM 03.72: "Digital Cellular Telecommunications System (Phase 2+); Location Services (LCS); (Functional Description) ? Stage 2." 3GPP Organizational Partners, France, 2001.

Hall, M., and Brown, L., Core Web Programming, Prentice Hall, 2001.

Harvey, L., "Personify's Profit Platform," Patricia Seybold Group, October 2000.

Hayes, I., "Wireless Location Based Services: Finding Your Way Out of the Box," Executive Update, Cutter Consortium, 2001.

HeyAnita, Inc., "Voice Portal Technologies," VoiceXML Forum Presentation, 2001.

Hjelm, J., Designing Wireless Information Services, Wiley, 2000.

Hunter, J., and Crawford, W., Java Servlet Programming, 2nd edition, O'Reilly & Associates, 2001.

Jones, C., Geographical Information Systems and Computer Cartography, Addison-Wesley, 1997.

Kanemitsu, H., and Kamada, T., "POIX: Point of Interest eXchange Language Specification," W3C Note, June 1999.

King, C., Dalton, C., and Osmanoglu, T. E., Security Architecture, RSA Press, 2001.

Kitazawa, K., Konishi, Y., and Shibasaki, R., "A Method of Map Matching For Personal Positioning Systems," GIS Development, ACRS, 2000.

Korkea-aho, M., Tang, H., Racz, D., Polk, J., and Takahashi, K., "A Common Spatial Location Dataset," IETF Draft (draft-korkea-aho-spatial-dataset-01.txt), Work in progress, May 2001.

Korkea-aho, M., and Tang, H., "Spatial Location Payload," IETF Draft (draft-korkea-aho-spatial-location-payload-00.txt), Work in progress, May 2001.

Leventhal, M., Lewis, D., Fuchs, M., and Fuchs, M., Designing XML Internet Applications, Prentice Hall, 1998.

Mahy, R., "A Simple Text Format for the Spatial Location Protocol (SLoP)," IETF Draft, Work in progress, July 2000.

Marchand, R., Building a Carrier Grade Service, VoiceGenie Technologies, Inc., 2001.

Mathews, B., Lee, D., Dister, B., Bowler, J., Cooperstein, H., Jindal, A., Nguyen, T., Wu, P., and Sandal, T., "Vector Markup Language (VML)," W3C Note, May 1998.

Mobile Electronic Transactions Initiative, MeT Account Based Payment, Version A, 2001.

Mobile Electronic Transactions Initiative, MeT Consistent User Experience, Version 1.1, 2001.

Mobile Electronic Transactions Initiative, The MeT Core Specification, Version 1.1, 2001.

Mobile Electronic Transactions Initiative, MeT Event Ticketing, Version A, 2001.

Mobile Electronic Transactions Initiative, The MeT Initiative: Enabling Mobile E-commerce, Version 2.0, White paper, 2001.

Mobile Electronic Transactions Initiative, MeT Ticketing Framework, Version 1.0, 2001.

Muchow, J., Core J2ME Technology, Prentice Hall, 2001.

Nilsson, N., Principles of Artificial Intelligence, Tioga Publishing, 1980.

Nokia Mobile Phones, Mobile Location Services, White paper, 2001.

Nokia Mobile Phones, Nokia Terminals and Applications for the 3G Market, White paper, 2001.

Nouvier, J., "Road Safety and Telematics: How Far Have We Got?," CERTU, 2000.

Openwave Systems, Inc., WML 1.3 Developer's Guide, Openwave Systems, August 2001.

Pieper, I. R., "Mobimiles: Introducing an Integrated Concept for Variable Road Pricing Based on Time, Location and Vehicle," report prepared for Project Organisation KMH Road Pricing System, Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management (Dutch Government), July 2001.

Plewe, B., GIS Online: Information Retrieval, Mapping and the Internet, OnWord Press, 1997.

Portal Software, Inc., Mobile Commerce: Deploying Billing Infrastructure to Support Mobile Commerce, White paper, 2001.

Rischpater, R., Wireless Web Development, Apress, 2000.

Samaha, J., Kayssi, A., Achkar, R., and Azar, M., "G3 Integrates Three System Technologies," Computer, October 2000, pp. 107?110.

Savander, N., "Concrete Building Blocks for Mobile Services," Nokia Networks, 2001.

Sekiguchi, M., Takayama, K., Naito, H., Maeda, Y., Horai, H., and Toriumi, M., "NaVigation Markup Language (NVML)," W3C Note, August 1999.

Sielemann, M., "What's the Approach to Telematics From the Mobile Operator's Perspective?," Vodafone, EyeforAuto Frankfurt Presentation, September 2001.

Snell, J., Tidwell, D., and Kulchenko, P., Programming Web Services With SOAP, O'Reilly & Associates, 2001.

Srinivasan, S., and Brown, E., "Is Speech Recognition Becoming Mainstream?," Computer, April 2002, pp. 38?41.

Sun Microsystems, MIDP APIs for Wireless Applications, White paper, February 2001.

Takahashi, K., and Tang, H., "Location-Based Service Scenarios for Privacy Analysis," IETF Draft (draft-takahashi-spatial-privacy-scenario-00.txt), Work in progress, July 2001.

Thomas, A., Selecting Enterprise JavaBeans Technology, Patricia Seybold Group, 1998.

Ueno, K., Artus, D., Brown, L., Clark, L., Gerken, C., Hambrick, G., Iyenger, A., Joines, S., Kapadia, S., Ramdani, M., Roca, J., Son, S., VanOosten, J., and Zhang, C., Websphere V3.5 Handbook, Prentice Hall, 2001.

UMTS Forum Report No. 11, "Enabling UMTS/Third Generation Services and Applications," October 2000.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 1110-1-1003: "NAVSTAR Global Positioning Systems Surveying," August 1996.

VanderMeer, J., "Will Wireless Location-Based Services Pay Off?," Business Geographics, Adams Business Media, 2000.

VeriSign, Inc., Enabling the Promise of Wireless Technology, White paper, 2001.

WAP-187-TransportE2Esec-200110628-a, "WAP Transport Layer End-to-End Security," Wireless Application Protocol Forum Ltd., June 2001.

WAP-261-WTLS-20010406-a, "Wireless Transport Layer Security," Wireless Application Protocol Forum Ltd., April 2001.

Watts, D., McKnight, G., Mitura, P., Neophytou, C., and Gulver, M., Tuning Netfinity Servers for Performance: Getting the Most Out of Windows 2000 and Windows NT 4.0, Prentice Hall, 2001.

Yi-Bing, L., and Chlamtac, I., Wireless and Mobile Network Architectures, Wiley, 2001.

Zhao, Y., Vehicle Location and Navigation Systems, Artech House, 1997.