''${auth_authen}'' '''


RFC2554 AUTH credentials V8.10 and above

A server offers authentication by presenting the AUTH keyword to the connecting site, following that with the types of mechanisms supported:

250-host.domain Hello some.domain, pleased to meet you
250-AUTH DIGEST-MD5 CRAM-MD5               note this line
250 HELP

If the connecting site wishes to authenticate itself, it replies with an AUTH command indicating the type of mechanism preferred:

AUTH X5                                                        client sends
504 Unrecognized authentication type.                          server replies
AUTH CRAM-MD5                                                  client sends
334  PENCeUxFREJoU0NnbmhNWitOMjNGNndAZWx3b29kLmlubm9zb2Z0LmNvbT4=  server replies
ZnJlZCA5ZTk1YWVlMDljNDBhZjJiODRhMGMyYjNiYmFlNzg2ZQ=  =        client sends
235 Authentication successful.                                 server replies

Here, the client first asks for X5 authentication, which the server rejects. The client next asks for CRAM-MD5. The server says it can support that by replying with a 334 followed by a challenge string. The client replies to the challenge with an appropriate reply string, and the authentication is successful (as shown in the last line).

If authentication is successful, this ${auth_authen} macro is assigned the authentication credentials that were approved as its value. The form of the credentials depends on the encryption used. It could be a simple username (such as bob), or a username at a realm (such as bob@some.domain).

The client can then offer a different user, rather than the envelope sender, to authenticate on behalf of the envelope sender. This is done by adding an AUTH= parameter to the MAIL FROM: keyword:

MAIL FROM: <user@host.domain> AUTH=address

The address is assigned to the {auth_author} macro, and the trust_auth rule set (Section 10.9.4) is called to make further policy decisions, with the AUTH= parameter in its workspace.

The ${auth_authen} macro is useful for adding your own rules to the Local_trust_auth rule set.

${auth_authen} is transient. If defined in the configuration file or in the command line, that definition can be ignored by sendmail. Note that a $& prefix is necessary when you reference this macro in rules (that is, use $&{auth_authen}, not ${auth_authen}).

    Part I: Build and Install
    Part II: Administration
    Part III: The Configuration File
    Chapter 21. The D (Define a Macro) Configuration Command
    Chapter 24. The O (Options) Configuration Command