Chapter 8. Physical Security for Servers

"Physical security" is almost everything that happens before you start typing commands on the keyboard. It's the alarm system that calls the police department when a late-night thief tries to break into your building. It's the key lock on your computer's power supply that makes it harder for unauthorized people to turn off the machine. It's the locked computer room with the closed-circuit camera that prevents unauthorized physical access to your servers and communications infrastructure. And it's the uninteruptable power supply and power conditioners that help isolate your computers from the vagaries of the power grid.

This chapter discusses basic approaches to physical security. It is for people who think that this type of security is of little or no concern?unfortunately, the majority of system administrators. Despite the fact that physical security is often overlooked, it is extraordinarily important. You may have the best encryption and security tools in place, and your systems may be safely hidden behind a firewall. However, if a janitor working late at night for your cleaning service decides to steal a laptop or server that's been left out on a table in somebody's cubicle, those other fancy defenses aren't going to be much help.

People First

It should go without saying that in an emergency or disaster situation, the lives and safety of personnel should always come before data or equipment. Although there may be very limited exceptions to this rule (in certain military situations), you should never lose sight of what is truly irreplaceable.

    Part VI: Appendixes