You want to find disabled users in a domain.
Open the Active Directory Users and Computers snap-in.
In the left pane, connect to the domain you want to query.
Right-click on the domain and select Find.
Beside Find, select Common Queries.
Check the box beside "disabled accounts."
Click the Find Now button.
> dsquery user <DomainDN> -disabled
' This code finds all disabled user accounts in a domain. ' ------ SCRIPT CONFIGURATION ------ strDomainDN = "<DomainDN>" ' e.g. dc=rallencorp,dc=com ' ------ END CONFIGURATION --------- strBase = "<LDAP://" & strDomainDN & ">;" strFilter = "(&(objectclass=user)(objectcategory=person)" & _ "(useraccountcontrol:1.2.840.1135126.96.36.1993:=2));" strAttrs = "name;" strScope = "subtree" set objConn = CreateObject("ADODB.Connection") objConn.Provider = "ADsDSOObject" objConn.Open "Active Directory Provider" set objRS = objConn.Execute(strBase & strFilter & strAttrs & strScope) objRS.MoveFirst while Not objRS.EOF Wscript.Echo objRS.Fields(0).Value objRS.MoveNext wend
Users in Active Directory can either be enabled or disabled. A disabled user cannot log in to the domain. Unlike account lockout, which is an automatic process that is based on the number of times a user incorrectly enters a password, an account has to be manually enabled or disabled.
All disabled user accounts have the bit that represents 2 (0010) set in their userAccountControl attribute. This doesn't mean that the attribute will be equal to 2, it just means that the bit that equals 2 will be enabledother bits may also be set. See Recipe 4.9 and Recipe 4.12 for a more detailed explanation of bit flags.
Recipe 6.12 for enabling and disabling users