Recipe 9.28 Testing a syslog Configuration

9.28.1 Problem

You want to find out where all your syslog messages go.

9.28.2 Solution

PROG=`basename "$0"`
FACILITIES='auth authpriv cron daemon ftp kern lpr mail news syslog user uucp
        local0 local1 local2 local3 local4 local5 local6 local7'
PRIORITIES='emerg alert crit err warning notice info debug'
for f in $FACILITIES
        for p in $PRIORITIES
                logger -p $f.$p "$PROG[$$]: testing $f.$p"

9.28.3 Discussion

This script simply iterates through all syslog facilities and priorities, sending a message to each combination. After running it, examine your log files to see which messages ended up where.

If you don't want to hard-code the facilities and priorities (in case they change), write an analogous program in C and reference the names directly in /usr/include/sys/syslog.h.

9.28.4 See Also

logger(1), syslogd(8), syslog.conf(5).

syslog-ng ("new generation") is a more powerful replacement for the standard system logger. If you crave more features or are frustrated by limitations of facilities and priorities, check out

    Chapter 9. Testing and Monitoring