Finding inactive computer accounts in Active Directory is a chore?unless, of course, you script it.
If you need to quickly retrieve a list of old (inactive) computer accounts in the domain, VBScript is your utility of choice. The script in this hack first asks for the domain name (Figure 2-1), then prompts for the number of days for active computer accounts (Figure 2-2), and then, finally, displays the old computer accounts that are found in the domain.
The computer accounts shown have not been active during the days you specified. For example, when we run the script we can see that the computer account for the machine named SRV111 has a password whose age is beyond the cutoff, so the script recommends that you delete this account to be safe (Figure 2-3).
This is a great, quick way to find those computers that could be having trouble authenticating, or those that have been brought down but remain in the domain's list.
Type the following code into Notepad (make sure Word Wrap is turned off), and save it with a .vbs extension as DeleteOldComputers.vbs:
On Error Resume Next DomainString=Inputbox("Enter the domain name","Check Active Computers","DomainName") if DomainString="" then wscript.echo "No domain specified or script cancelled." wscript.quit end if numDays=InputBox("What is the number of days to use as a cutoff for" & _ "Active Computer Accounts?","Check Active Computers","XX") if numDays="" then wscript.echo "No cutoff date specified or script cancelled." wscript.quit end if Set DomainObj = GetObject("WinNT://"&DomainString) if err.number<>0 then wscript.echo "Error connecting to " & DomainString wscript.quit end if DomainObj.Filter = Array("computer") Wscript.echo "Computer Accounts in " & DomainString & " older than " & _ numDays & " days." For each Computer in DomainObj Set Account = GetObject("WinNT://" & DomainString & "/" & Computer.Name & _ "$") RefreshTime = FormatNumber((Account.get("PasswordAge"))/86400,0) If CInt(RefreshTime) >= CInt(numDays) Then wscript.echo "**DELETE** " & Computer.Name & " Password Age is " & _ RefreshTime & " days." End If Next set DomainObj=Nothing set Shell=Nothing Wscript.quit
To run this script, use Cscript.exe, the command-line script engine for the Windows Script Host (WSH). Here's some sample output when the script is run to delete computer accounts older than 90 days in the MTIT domain:
C:\>cscript.exe DeleteOldComputers.vbs Microsoft (R) Windows Script Host Version 5.6 Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation 1996-2001. All rights reserved. Computer Accounts in mtit older than 90 days. **DELETE** NEWTEST1 Password Age is 151 days. **DELETE** QWER Password Age is 151 days. **DELETE** SRV211 Password Age is 97 days. **DELETE** SRV212 Password Age is 154 days.