The following scenarios and questions are designed to draw together the content of the chapter and to exercise your understanding of the concepts. There is not necessarily a right answer. The thought process and practice in manipulating the concepts is the goal of this section. The answers to the scenario questions are found at the end of this chapter.
A new network administrator recently joined the company and has found little documentation for the network. On drawing the topology of the network, the administrator has found a surprising configuration of a virtual link. Luckily, the administrator has previous experience with such configurations and therefore understands their purpose.
After studying Figure 7-13, answer the following question.
|1.||Explain the purpose of the virtual link in Figure 7-13.
Figure 7-14 shows the network of another company for which the administrator worked previously. Examine the figure and then answer the questions.
Figure 7-14. Network Diagram 2 for Scenario 7-1
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|2.||Does the topology map in Figure 7-14 show a valid design?|
|3.||Why would a company implement this design?|
Refer to Figure 7-15 and design the addressing scheme for the network. Then write the configuration for the central router.
Be sure to include the following:
|1.||Address the network using the private network 10.0.0.0. Design the addressing scheme so that it allows for the summarization of addresses between areas. Show the summarization that you allocate, and explain your reasons for your choices.
|2.||Issue the commands for the main router in Figure 7-15 to configure the following:
Use Figure 7-16 for this scenario.
The users of the network are complaining about the slowness of the network, particularly when trying to access the Internet. Examine the configuration in Example 7-14 in conjunction with Figure 7-16, and give reasons for any slowness or lack of connectivity that you can see on the network. Provide current configuration commands to correct any errors that you find.
ROUTER A Router(config)# router ospf 100 Router(config-router)# network 188.8.131.52 0.0.0.15 area 3 Router(config-router)# network 184.108.40.206 0.0.0.15 area 2 Router(config-router)# network 220.127.116.11 0.0.0.0 area 0 Router(config-router)# area 2 stub Router(config-router)# area 3 stub no-summary Router(config-router)# area 3 default-cost 15 ! Router(config-router)# interface FastEthernet0 Router(config-if)# ip address 18.104.22.168 255.255.255.240 ! Router(config-if)# interface FastEthernet1 Router(config-if)# ip address 22.214.171.124 255.255.255.240 ! Router(config-if)# interface Fddi0 Router(config-if)# ip address 126.96.36.199 255.255.255.240 Router(config-if)# exit ROUTER B Router(config)# router ospf 100 Router(config-router)# network 188.8.131.52 0.0.255.255 area 2 ! Router(config-router)# interface FastEthernet0 Router(config-if)# ip address 184.108.40.206 255.255.255.240 Router(config-if)# no ip directed-broadcast Router(config-if)# ip ospf priority 100 ! Router(config-if)# interface FastEthernet1 Router(config-if)# ip address 220.127.116.11 255.255.255.240 Router(config-if)# no ip directed-broadcast ! Router(config-if)# exit
Answer the questions that follow:
|1.||There are problems with Router B. There is inconsistency in the routing table, and the system is extremely slow. What commands would you use to identify the problem? In examining the diagram and configuration, what problems can you see?|
|2.||Router A is having problems connecting to Area 0. This is causing problems in other areas because Router A is used to connect to Area 0. What commands would you use to identify the problem? In examining the diagram and configuration, what problems can you see?|
|3.||Issue the commands that would be used to correct the configuration problems that you see in the example configuration for Routers A and B.|
|4.||When you issue the show ip ospf interface command, you notice that there is a discrepancy in the timers on the link between Routers A and B. The transmit timer on Router A is set to 5, and the retransmit timer is set to 1. What problems would this cause? What command would you use to change the timers, and what are the default settings?|