Cable access can be deployed easily. The vast majority of providers deliver a CPE device (cable modem) that terminates the coax network frequency bands that carry data, TV, and telephony, and provide a standard Ethernet/POTS/ISDN interface as the demarcation point.
To get telephony out of the RF side, an additional termination unit is needed. In contrast to DSL architectures, no additional software or stack components (PPTP, PPPoA, PPPoE) are required on the attached end system or gateway. The cable modem connects via coaxial drop and trunk cables as well as signal repeaters to a carrier's cable head-end. Mixed architectures featuring optical-electrical converters for optical trunk cables are used, too. In contrast to DSL, this is a shared medium; therefore, VLAN architectures and MAC-based access control are commonly deployed and addresses delivered to the customer via Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP).