Watching a movie in iMovie is okay, but iMovie is not really intended to be a viewing application. After you have finished your movie and are ready to release it to the world, you export your movie from iMovie. What you export it to depends on how you want your viewers to be able to watch your movie.
People can watch your movie in three primary ways. You can record your movie on videotape that others can watch with a VCR. You can also export your movie to a QuickTime file that can be viewed on a computer?you then transmit your movie file to others in a variety of ways, including by email, on the Web, or on CD-ROM. The third, and definitely coolest, way is to use iDVD to record your movies on a DVD that can be played in a standard DVD player. The good news is that you can export the same movie using any or all of these methods to get your movie to as many people as possible.
Distributing your movie on videotape offers several benefits. The first is that the quality of your movie appears to be higher because you don't have file size or other technical limitations to deal with (as you do when you want your movie to be viewed on a computer). The second is that almost everyone has access to a VCR and TV, and watching a videotape is easy. A third benefit is that storing a movie on videotape is easy (a tape doesn't hog valuable disk space, for example). Using videotape results in good viewing quality, as well as easy viewing and storage.
The first step to getting your movie on videotape is to export your movie from iMovie to your DV camcorder. This process works similarly to getting clips from the DV camcorder into iMovie.
Follow these steps to export your movie:
Connect the FireWire port on your camcorder to the FireWire port on your Mac (this is the same setup you used to import clips from the camcorder into iMovie).
Open your iMovie project; the Monitor displays the Camera Connected message.
Use the iMovie controls to move the tape in the video camera to the point at which you want to begin recording your movie.
Select File, Export.
In the Export pop-up menu, select To Camera (it is probably selected already).
If you want more than the default 1 second of black to appear before your movie begins and after it ends, increase the value in the Add _ seconds of black before movie and the Add _ seconds of black to end of movie fields.
Several things happen, all of which are automatic, so you can sit back and relax. iMovie sets your camcorder to record and then waits a few seconds to ensure that your camcorder is ready. The camcorder begins recording while displaying 1 second (unless you set it to a different amount) of black screen. After the black screen, your movie begins to play and your camcorder records it. A progress bar shows how much longer you have to go (because your whole movie plays, the process takes as much time as your movie is long). You won't hear any sound while your movie is being recorded?this is normal operation.
When your movie is finished, iMovie stops your camcorder. Your movie is now captured on the camcorder; from here on, you can treat it just like any other movie you have recorded. For example, you can connect the camera to a VCR and record your movie to a VHS videotape.
Some DV camcorders enable you to pass through a signal. This means you can output to VCR at the same time you are inputting to the DV camcorder through FireWire. This is good because you can make a first-generation recording directly on the VCR at the same time you record it on your DV camcorder. In fact, you might not even have to record it on the DV camcorder at all. To find out whether your DV camcorder has this feature, connect it to a VCR at the same time as you connect it to your Mac. If you see a picture through the VCR while you export the movie to the DV camcorder, you can pass on through.
You can also distribute your movie as a QuickTime file for viewing on a computer. The primary advantage of this method is that it is an easier and much less expensive way to get your movie to many people than using videotape.
The primary disadvantage to viewing your movie on a computer is that the quality is largely dependent on the computer being used and the technical savvy of the person to whom you have sent the movie. (Although it's easy, playing a QuickTime movie requires a bit more knowledge than playing a videotape does.)
The steps to create a QuickTime version of your movie are the following:
Select File, Export.
Select To QuickTime from the Export pop-up menu. You see the Export Movie window, which now has a Formats pop-up menu. You can use this menu to choose a format in which to export your movie.
Click the Formats pop-up menu. You have several options to select for the format of the movie you want to export.
Select the format you want to use. The format you select determines the size of the QuickTime file as well as its playback quality.
Click Export to see the Export QuickTime Movie dialog box.
Name your movie, select a location in which to save it, and click Save.
iMovie begins to export your movie, and a progress bar that gives you an idea of where you are in the process appears onscreen. The Playhead also moves and the movie plays in the Monitor in the background. Unless your movie is really short, the export process takes a long time, so plan on doing something else for a while. Eventually, the progress bar goes away. When it does, you are finished exporting the movie. This QuickTime movie can be viewed just like any other QuickTime movie (for example, in the QuickTime Player or on the Web).
To learn about viewing QuickTime movies, see "Viewing QuickTime Movies," p. 652.
The only complicated part of this process is choosing the format in which you want to export the movie. When exporting to QuickTime, you must always trade off file size versus quality. The better the quality of your movie, the bigger the file is (and the more resources it consumes to send or store).
When choosing quality and file size, always keep the recipient of the movie in mind. If you know that the person to whom you plan on emailing it uses a 56K modem, keeping the file size small is important. If you are using a CD, maximize quality; it doesn't matter how big the file is (as long as it isn't bigger than the amount of space on the disc, of course).
You can decrease the size of the QuickTime file by muting soundtracks before you export the movie (muted soundtracks are not exported).
After you have created the QuickTime version you want to distribute, you can distribute it in many ways, including the following:
Attach it to an email message.
Post it to a Web site.
Burn it on a CD.
To learn about using Mail to send attachments, see "Sending and Receiving Files with Email," p. 378.
To learn about creating a Web site, see Chapter 14, "Putting Yourself on the Web," p. 423.
To learn about burning CDs, see "Finding, Installing, and Using a CD Writer," p. 790.
You might want to create multiple QuickTime versions of your movie and distribute it in more than one way.
If you select the Expert Settings format option, you can configure custom export settings. Covering these is beyond the scope of this chapter, but at least you know they are available.
Using the iDVD application and a DVD-R drive, you can put your iMovie projects on DVDs that can be played in a standard DVD player.
To get an overview of iDVD, see Chapter 18, "Watching and Creating DVD Movies," p. 621.
The iDVD pane enables you to add chapter markers to a movie and then send a movie to an iDVD project (see Figure 17.18).
An overview of the tools on the iDVD pane is provided in the following list:
Chapter markers? When you add a chapter marker to a movie, that marker is added to the list of chapter markers at the top of the iDVD pane. In addition to a thumbnail of the frame where the marker is placed, the name of the marker (which is the name of the related button on the chapter selection menu) and the timecode of the frame at which the marker is located are shown.
Add Chapter? This button adds a new chapter marker to the movie at the current location of the Playhead.
Remove Chapter? When you select a chapter marker shown on the list and then click this button, that marker is removed from the movie.
Create iDVD Project? When you click this button, a new iDVD project is created and the current iMovie project is added to it.
To add chapter markers to a movie, perform the following steps:
Click the iDVD button to open the iDVD pane.
Move the Playhead to the point where you want to place the first chapter marker.
Click Add Chapter. The new marker is shown at the top of the iDVD pane. For each marker, the first frame, the chapter title, and the timecode at which the chapter starts are shown.
Edit the chapter's title. This is the text that appears next to the chapter on the DVD.
Repeat steps 2?4 for each chapter you want to create.
After you have added chapter markers, click the Create iDVD Project button to open iDVD, create a new iDVD project, and add the movie to it.
You can also add a movie to an iDVD project by dragging the QuickTime reference version from the movie project's folder onto a menu within iDVD.