Other free word processors that come with Red Hat Linux include AbiWord and KOffice (which is part of the KDE desktop). As for commercial offerings, there is StarOffice from Sun Microsystems.
StarOffice — The StarOffice office productivity suite contains applications for word processing, spreadsheets, presentation graphics, e-mail, news, charting, and graphics. It was created to run on Linux systems, but it runs in other environments as well. It can import and export a variety of Microsoft file formats. StarOffice is owned by Sun Microsystems, which sells it as a commercial product.
AbiWord — The AbiWord word processor (abiword command) is the first application produced by the AbiSource project (www.abisource.com). Besides working with files in its own AbiWord format (.abw and .zabw), AbiWord can import files in Microsoft Word and several other formats. If AbiWord is not installed, you can install the abiword package from the third installation CD (CD #3) that comes with this book.
KOffice — The KOffice package contains a set of office productivity applications designed for the KDE desktop. It includes a word processor (KWord), spreadsheet (KSpread), a presentation creator (KPresenter), and a diagram drawing program (KChart). These applications can be run separately or within a KOffice Workspace. (The koffice package is on CD #3 of the disks that come with this book.)
The StarOffice suite from Sun Microsystems Inc. (www.sun.com/staroffice) is a product that runs on Linux, UNIX, and Windows operating systems. Like OpenOffice, StarOffice contains many features that make it compatible with Microsoft Office applications. In particular, it includes the capability to import Microsoft Word and Excel files. There is also strong support for producing HTML files.
StarOffice is probably the most complete integrated office suite for Linux. It includes:
StarWriter — This is the StarOffice word processing application. It can import documents from a variety of formats, with special emphasis on Word documents.
StarCalc — This is the spreadsheet program that comes with StarOffice. You can import spreadsheets from Microsoft Excel and other popular programs.
StarImpress — You can create presentations with the StarImpress application.
StarDraw — This is a vector-oriented drawing program. It includes the capability to create 3D objects and to use texturing.
StarBase — You can manage your data with StarBase. It can access a variety of database interfaces.
StarSchedule — Use this application to manage your schedule, track events, and store your contacts. You can even interface StarSchedule to a PalmPilot.
There are also other applications in StarOffice that create business graphics (StarChart), edit images (StarImage), edit mathematical formulas (StarMath), and manage e-mail (StarMail). You can manage all these applications from the StarDesktop. The StarDesktop features an explorer tree for navigation and a task bar (so you can easily switch between tasks).
You can download StarOffice 6.0 for Linux or purchase a boxed set from the StarOffice Web site at www.sun.com/staroffice. Although StarOffice was once available free for download, the current price to download the software for home users is $75.95.
The AbiWord word processor is a very nice, free word processor from the AbiSource project (www.abisource.com). If you are creating documents from scratch, AbiWord includes many of the basic functions you need to create good-quality documents.
With AbiWord, you can select what type of document the file contains. You can select to read the file in the following formats:
GZipped AbiWord (.zabw)
Rich Text Format (.rtf)
Microsoft Word (.doc)
AbiWord doesn't yet import all of these file types cleanly. Although MS Word styles have recently become supported in AbiWord, sometimes tables, graphics, and other features don't translate perfectly. If you want to work with a Microsoft Word document in AbiWord, open it as AbiWord, correct any font problems, and save the document in AbiWord format. AbiWord has vastly improved in the past few releases, but you can still have problems if you need to exchange files with others who are using Microsoft Word. (To keep files in Word format, OpenOffice and StarOffice work much better.)
AbiWord is a great first try as a usable word processor. Recently added features, such as styles and bullets, continue to make AbiWord a more useful publishing tool. It's not competitive with comparable commercial products, but its developers continue to improve it.
There is now a KDE office suite of applications that go with the KDE desktop. The KOffice package has the basic applications you would expect in an integrated office suite: a word processor (KWord), spreadsheet (KSpread), a presentation creator (KPresenter), and a diagram drawing program (KChart).
You can start by opening the KOffice Workspace (from the KDE or Red Hat menu, Office ? More Office Applications ? KOffice Workspace). From the workspace window that opens, you can select from the different office applications from the left column. Open multiple documents in any of the applications. Then click on Documents in the left column to choose which one to display at the moment.
Figure 6-2 shows the KOffice workspace, displaying a KWord document.
You can work with a variety of document, spreadsheet, and image types; not many commercial document types are supported yet. So you may need to import documents using other tools before you can read them into KWord. The KSpread can open several different spreadsheet styles, however, such as Microsoft Excel and GNUmeric spreadsheets.