Borders and shading add visual interest to your document. Word allows you to place a border around a page, or add a shaded background to a page. Word 2003's Borders and Shading features are covered in detail in the "Adding Table Borders and Shading" section of Chapter 12. Bordering a page is covered here.
Word's Borders and Shading features can be used with any text you select, including words, paragraphs, table cells, and tables.
Page borders have various uses. For example, they are effective for report title pages. Figure 5.24 shows an example.
To add a border around a page, work in the Page Border tab of the Borders and Shading dialog box. To display this dialog box, choose Format, Borders and Shading, and display the Page Border tab (see Figure 5.25).
In the Setting area, you can choose from among five types of borders:
None. No border, the default setting. Click this setting to remove a border that already exists.
Box. Places a line along each of the four sides of your page.
Shadow. Borders all four sides but places a thicker border on the bottom and right sides, to create a shadow effect.
3-D. Makes it appear that your page actually rises from its background.
Custom. Enables you to customize your own border, one side at a time.
When you choose one of these settings (except for Custom), Word reflects them in the Preview window; you can then edit each edge of the border individually, as discussed in the next section.
After you select a type of page border, you can control the line style, color, and width of the line you use:
To choose a dotted, double, or triple line, select the line you want from the Style scroll box.
To specify a color for your page border, click on the Color drop-down box and choose the color from the palette that appears. You can also click More Line Colors to choose from a wider selection of colors.
To specify a thickness for your border lines, click on the Width drop-down box and select any of the options there, from 1/2 point to 6 point.
As you make changes, you can view their effects in the Preview box (unless you have selected the Custom setting).
You can edit each edge individually. First, click the edge you want to reformat. Then, set the Style, Color, and/or Width settings you want; then click again on the edge you want to reformat, and the current settings are applied. If you don't click on the edge first, every change you make to the style, color, and/or width will affect all four borders.
Word provides a library of repetitive images you can use as borderlines. To use one, click the Art drop-down box and choose the image from there. Figure 5.26 shows a sample.
Although these images can be helpful in some documents, such as retail fliers, in many other situations they are viewed as tacky. Be careful how you use them.
As mentioned earlier, one use for page borders is to set apart the cover of your document. Word gives you complete control over which pages you border. Click the Apply To button and choose one of these options:
Whole Document. Borders the entire document.
This Section. Borders all pages in your insertion point's current section; if your document has one section, borders every page.
This Section?First Page Only. Borders only the first page of the current section. Note that you can use this feature to border the first page of every section if you want.
This Section?All Except First Page. Borders every page except the first page in the current section. Again, you can establish this setting individually for each section.
By default, Word places borders 24 points (1/3 inch) away from each edge of your page. You can change these settings. To do so, follow these steps:
Choose Format, Borders and Shading.
Click the Page Border tab.
Click the Options button. The Border and Shading Options dialog box appears (see Figure 5.27).
Set your custom margins in the Top, Bottom, Left, and Right spin boxes.
When you're finished, click OK.
By default, Word measures page borders from the edge of the page. If you want to make sure that the borders always stay a specific distance from text, choose Text in the Measure From box. You can then choose whether you want the border to surround the page header or footer, or whether you want to tightly align the border to paragraph borders and table edges.